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Cervical cancer statistics

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Cervical cancer in Australia

The following material has been sourced from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Cervical cancer incorporates ICD-10 cancer code C53 (Malignant neoplasm of cervix).

Projected* number of new cases of cervical cancer diagnosed in 20151

885 Female icon PNG females

Projected % of all new female cancer cases diagnosed in 20151

1.6%Cervical cancer 1.6% of all new cancer cases 2015 PNG

Projected number of deaths from cervical cancer in 20151

250 Female icon PNG females

Projected % of all female deaths from cancer in 20151

1.2%Cervical cancer 1.2% all female cancer deaths PNG

Chance of surviving at least 5 years (2007–11)1

72%72 in 100 PNG

Females living with cervical cancer in 2009 (diagnosed in the 5 year period 2005 to 2009)1

2,903Lots of people PNG

How common is cervical cancer?

In 2011, there were 801 new cases of cervical cancer diagnosed in Australia.a In 2015, it is estimated that 885 new cases of cervical cancer will be diagnosed in Australia.b

In 2011, the age-standardised incidence rate was 6.9 cases per 100,000 females.d In 2015, it is estimated that that the age-standardised incidence rate will be 7.0 cases per 100,000 females.

Cervical cancer was the 14th most commonly diagnosed cancer among females in Australia in 2011. It is estimated that it will remain the 14th most commonly diagnosed cancer among females in 2015.

In 2015, it is estimated that the risk of an individual being diagnosed with cervical cancer by their 85th birthday will be 1 in 159.

In 2015, the incidence rate for cervical cancer is expected to be highest for age group 85+, followed by age groups 75–79 and 35–39 (see figure below).

Age-specific incidence rates for cervical cancer, 2015

Cervical cancer incidence by age group PNG

Notes

Source: AIHW analysis of the Australian Cancer Database (unpublished), (see source data).

Deaths from cervical cancer

In 2012, there were 226 deaths from cervical cancer in Australia. In 2015, it is estimated that this will increase to 250 deaths.c

In 2012, the age-standardised mortality rate was 1.8 deaths per 100,000 females.d In 2015, it is estimated that the age-standardised mortality rate will be 1.8 deaths per 100,000 females.

In 2012, cervical cancer accounted for the 21st highest number of deaths from cancer among females in Australia. It is estimated that it will remain the 21st most common cause of death from cancer among females in 2015.

In 2015, it is estimated that the risk of a female dying from cervical cancer by their 85th birthday will be 1 in 475.

Trends in cervical cancer

Incidence

The number of new cases of cervical cancer diagnosed decreased from 963 in 1982 to 801 in 2011.

Over the same period, the age-standardised incidence rate decreased from 14 per 100,000 females in 1982 to 6.9 per 100,000 females in 2011.

Mortality

The number of deaths from cervical cancer decreased from 378 in 1968 to 226 in 2012.

Over the same period, the age-standardised mortality rate decreased from 7.7 deaths per 100,000 females in 1968 to 1.8 deaths per 100,000 females in 2012.

Cervical cancer incidence and mortality, 1968 to 2012

Cervical cancer incidence vs mortality PNG

Note: Incidence rates available for 1982–2011, and mortality rates available for 1968–2012.

Source: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare4

Survival from cervical cancer

In 2007–2011 in Australia, females with cervical cancer had a 72% chance of surviving for 5 years compared to their counterparts in the general Australian population.

Between 1982–1986 and 2007–2011, 5-year relative survival from cervical cancer improved from 68% to 72%.

5-year relative survival from cervical cancer, 1982–86 to 2007–11

Cervical cancer 5-year survival PNG

Source: AIHW analysis of the Australian Cancer Database (unpublished), (see source data).

Prevalence of cervical cancer

One year prevalence

At the end of 2009, there were 684 females living who had been diagnosed with cervical cancer that year.

Five year prevalence

At the end of 2009, there were 2,903 females living who had been diagnosed with cervical cancer in the previous 5 years (from 2005 to 2009).

28 year prevalence

At the end of 2009, there were14,515 females living who had been diagnosed with cervical cancer in the previous 28 years (from 1982 to 2009).


Source tables

Source table 1: Incidence of cervical cancer by age group, 2015
Age group (years) Number of new cases
per 100,000 females
0–4 0.0
5–9 0.0
10–14 0.0
15–19 0.1
20–24 1.6
25–29 8.9
30–34 10.4
35–39 11.7
40-44 10.9
45-49 11.4
50-54 10.0
55–59 9.0
60-64 9.9
65–69 11.1
70-74 10.2
75–79 11.8
80–84 8.8
85+ 14.2
Source table 2: 5-year relative survival from cervical cancer, 1982–86 to 2007–11
Year 5-year relative survival (%)
1982–86 67.7
1987–91 70.2
1992–96 72.7
1997–01 72.7
2002–06 72.1
2007–11 71.9

Data notes

International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Releated Health Problems Version 10 (ICD-10)

Cancer, like other health conditions, is classified by the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Releated Health Problems Version 10 (ICD-10). This is a statistical classification, published by the World Health Organization, in which each morbid condition is assigned a unique code according to established criteria.

Projections

Future projections for incidence and mortality are a mathematical extrapolation of past trends. They assume that the most recent trends will continue into the future, and are intended to illustrate future changes that might reasonably be expected to occur if the stated assumptions continue to apply over the projected period. Actual future cancer incidence and mortality rates may vary from these projections for a variety of factors. New screening programs may increase the detection of new cancer cases; new vaccination programs may decrease the risk of developing cancer; and improvements in treatment options may decrease mortality rates.

Incidence

Cancer incidence indicates the number of new cancers diagnosed during a specified time period (usually one year).

  1. The 2011 national incidence counts include estimates for NSW and the ACT because the real data were not available.
  2. The 2015 estimates are based on 2002–11 incidence data.

Mortality

Cancer mortality refers to the number of deaths occurring during a specified time period (usually one year) for which the underlying cause of death is cancer.

  1. The 2015 estimates are based on 2002–12 mortality data. Due to the rounding of these estimates, male and female mortality may not sum to person mortality.

Prevalence

Prevalence of cancer refers to the number of people alive with a prior diagnosis of cancer at a given time. It is distinct from incidence, which is the number of new cancers diagnosed within a given period of time.

Age standardised rates

  1. Incidence and mortality rates expressed per 100,000 population are age-standardised to the Australian population as at 30 June 2001.

References

  1. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2014. Cancer in Australia: an overview, 2014. Cancer series no. 78. Cat. no. CAN 75. Canberra: AIHW.
  2. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2014. Australia's health 2014. Australia's health series no. 14. Cat. no. AUS 178. Canberra: AIHW.
  3. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2012. Cancer survival and prevalence in Australia: period estimates from 1982 to 2010. Cancer Series no. 69. Cat. no. CAN 65. Canberra: AIHW.
  4. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2015. Australian Cancer Incidence and Mortality (ACIM) books: Cervical cancer. Canberra: AIHW. www.aihw.gov.au/acim-books [Accessed January 2015].
  5. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2012. Cancer incidence projections: Australia, 2011 to 2020. Cancer Series no. 66. Cat. No. CAN 62. Canberra: AIHW.
  6. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2015. Australian Cancer Incidence and Mortality (ACIM) Books: All Cancers combined (ICD10 C00-C97, D45-46, D47.1, D47.3). www.aihw.gov.au/acim-books [Accessed January 2015].