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Cardiovascular effects

After menopause, changes in your cholesterol balance increase your risk of hardening and blockage of the arteries.

If you smoke, quitting is probably the most important thing you can do to either prevent heart disease or to prevent further problems if you already have heart disease.

There are many other positive lifestyle changes you can make at menopause that will reduce your risk of heart disease and stroke. You can try to maintain a healthy weight by eating a balanced diet with lower fat levels, exercising regularly and reducing your stress levels. If necessary, your doctor may prescribe medications to reduce your risk, such as cholesterol-lowering drugs.