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Testicular cancer (C62)

The following material has been sourced from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Table 1: Incidence and mortality of testicular cancer
  Incidence
Males
Incidence
Females
Incidence
Persons
Mortality
Males
Mortality
Females
Mortality
Persons
2013 incidence/2014 mortality  
Number 721 . . . . 23 . . . .
Crude rate 6.3 . . . . 0.2 . . . .
ASR 6.4 . . . . 0.2 . . . .
Risk to age 75 1 in 222 . . . . 1 in 7,766 . . . .
Risk to age 85 1 in 218 . . . . 1 in 5,081 . . . .
Mean age (years) 37.1 . . . . 45.3 . . . .
Median age (years) 34.8 . . . . 43.0 . . . .
Estimated number for 2017 and 2018  
2017 816 . . . . 4 . . . .
2018 828 . . . . 4 . . . .

Figure 1: Incidence and mortality ASRs of testicular cancer, 1982–2018

This line chart presents the trends for age-standardised incidence and mortality rates of testicular cancer for the period 1982–2018. One line of the graph shows actual incidence rates for males from 1982 to 2013 and extends to show estimated incidence rates from 2014 to 2018. The other line shows the actual mortality rates for males from 1982 to 2014 and extends to show estimated mortality rates from 2015 to 2018. Actual data are shown in solid lines and estimated data in dotted lines. The age-standardised incidence and mortality rate is expressed per 100,000 males and presented on the y-axis. Every fourth year from 1982–2018 (inclusive) is presented on the x-axis. The incidence rate for males increased from 4.2 per 100,000 in 1982 to 6.4 per 100,000 in 2013. The incidence rate is estimated to be 6.8 per 100,000 in 2018. The mortality rate for males decreased from 0.5 per 100,000 in 1982 to 0.2 per 100,000 in 2014. The mortality rate is estimated to be less than 0.1 per 100,000 in 2018.

Figure 2: Incidence (2013) and mortality (2014) rates of testicular cancer, by age group

This line graph presents actual incidence and mortality rates of testicular cancer for males in 5-year age groups. Incidence rates are shown for 2013 and mortality rates for 2014. The age-specific incidence rate and mortality rate for each year is expressed as the number of new cases or number of deaths per 100,000 males and presented on the y-axis. The incidence rate for males increased from 0.2 per 100,000 for age group 0–4 to a high of 16 per 100,000 in age groups 25–29 to 30–34. The incidence rate then generally decreased with age to 1.0 per 100,000 in age group 85 and over. The mortality rate for males was less than 0.1 per 100,000 for age groups 0–4 to 10–14. The mortality rate reached 0.4 per 100,000 for age groups 20–24, 35–39, 50–54; it then reached a high of 1.0 per 100,000 in age group 80–84, before decreasing to less than 0.1 per 100,000 for age group 85 and over.  
Table 2: Survival and prevalence of testicular cancer
  Males Females Persons
Prevalence as at the end of 2012 (number)
1-year prevalence 797 . . . .
5-year prevalence 3,639 . . . .
31-year prevalence 15,129 . . . .
Relative survival in 2009–2013 (%)
1-year relative survival at diagnosis 99.3 . . . .
5-year relative survival at diagnosis 97.9 . . . .
5-year conditional relative survival for those already survived 1 year after diagnosis 98.5 . . . .
5-year conditional relative survival for those already survived 5 years after diagnosis 99.7 . . . .
5-year conditional relative survival for those already survived 10 years after diagnosis 99.4 . . . .
5-year conditional relative survival for those already survived 15 years after diagnosis 99.0 . . . .

Figure 3: Five-year relative survival from testicular cancer, Australia, 1984–1988 to 2009–2013

This line chart presents 5-year relative survival at diagnosis for testicular cancer over the period 1984–1988 to 2009–2013. The percentage of survival is presented on the y-axis. For males, 5-year relative survival went from 92% in 1984–1988 to 98% in 2009–2013.

Notes

  1. Risk factors based on IARC (2014) (see Chapter 1).
  2. The 2013 incidence data include estimates for NSW. Mean and median age for 2013 incidence was calculated excluding NSW.
  3. Deaths registered in 2012 and earlier are based on the final version of cause of death data; deaths registered in 2013 and 2014 are based on revised and preliminary versions, respectively, and are subject to further revision by the ABS.
  4. The rates were age standardised to the 2001 Australian Standard Population and are expressed per 100,000 population.
  5. The 2014–2018 estimates for incidence are based on 2004–2013 incidence data. The 2015–2018 estimates for mortality are based on joinpoint analysis of 1968–2013 mortality data for males.
  6. Relative survival was calculated with the period method, using the period 2009–2013 (Brenner & Gefeller 1996). Note that this period does not contain incidence data for 2013 for NSW (see Appendix C).

Sources: AIHW ACD 2013; AIHW NMD.