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Leukaemia statistics

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Leukaemia in Australia

The following material has been sourced from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Leukaemia incorporates ICD-10 cancer codes C91 (lymphoid leukaemia), C92 (myeloid leukaemia), C93 (monocytic leukaemia), C94 (other leukaemias of specified cell type) and C95 (leukaemias of unspecified cell type).

Projected* number of new cases of leukemia diagnosed in 20151

3,540 = Male icon PNG 2,110 males + Female icon PNG 1,430 females

Projected % of all new cancer cases diagnosed in 20151

2.8%Leukaemia 2.8% of all new cancers PNG

Projected number of deaths from leukemia in 20151

1,770 = Male icon PNG 1,060 males + Female icon PNG 705 females

Projected % of all deaths from cancer in 20151

3.8%Leukaemia 3.8% all cancer deaths PNG

Chance of surviving at least 5 years (2007–11)1

57%57 in 100 PNG

People living with leukemia in 2009 (diagnosed in the 5 year period 2005 to 2009)1

9,139Lots of people PNG

How common is leukaemia?

In 2011, there were 3,292 new cases of leukaemia diagnosed in Australia (1,955 males and 1,337 females).a In 2015, it is estimated that 3,540 new cases of leukaemia will be diagnosed in Australia (2,110 males and 1,430 females).b

In 2011, the age-standardised incidence rate was 14 cases per 100,000 persons (17 for males and 10 for females).d In 2015, it is estimated that that the age-standardised incidence rate will be 13 cases per 100,000 persons (17 for males and 10 for females).

Leukaemia was the 8th most commonly diagnosed cancer in Australia in 2011. It is estimated that it will remain the 8th most commonly diagnosed cancer in 2015.

In 2015, it is estimated that the risk of an individual being diagnosed with leukaemia by their 85th birthday will be 1 in 61 (1 in 49 males and 1 in 80 females).

In 2015, from age group 20–24 to age group 85+, the incidence of leukaemia is expected to generally increase with age (see figure below).

Age-specific incidence rates for leukaemia, 2015

Leukaemia incidence by age group PNG

Notes

Source: AIHW analysis of the Australian Cancer Database (unpublished), (see source data).

Deaths from leukaemia

In 2012, there were 1,624 deaths from leukaemia in Australia (942 males and 682 females). In 2015, it is estimated that this will increase to 1,770 deaths (1,060 males and 705 females).c  

In 2012, the age-standardised mortality rate was 6.3 deaths per 100,000 persons (8.3 for males and 4.8 for females).d In 2015, it is estimated that the age-standardised mortality rate will be 6.3 deaths per 100,000 persons (8.4 for males and 4.6 for females).

In 2012, leukaemia accounted for the 7th greatest number of deaths from cancer in Australia. It is estimated that it will remain the 7th most common cause of death from cancer in 2015.

In 2015, it is estimated that the risk of an individual dying from leukaemia by their 85th birthday will be 1 in 113 (1 in 84 for males and 1 in 161 for females).

Trends in leukaemia

Incidence

The number of new cases of leukaemia diagnosed increased from 1,480 in 1982 to 3,292 in 2011.

Over the same period, the age-standardised incidence rate increased from 12 cases per 100,000 persons in 1982 to 14 per 100,000 persons in 2011.

Mortality

The number of deaths from leukaemia increased from 721 in 1968 to 1,624 in 2012.

Over the same period, the age-standardised mortality rate decreased from 7.5 deaths per 100,000 persons in 1968 to 6.3 deaths per 100,000 in 2012.

Leukaemia incidence and mortality, 1968 to 2012

Leukaemia incidence vs mortality PNG

Note: Incidence rates available for 1982–2011, and mortality rates available for 1968–2012.

Source: AIHW analysis of the Australian Cancer Database (unpublished), (see source data).

Survival from leukaemia

In 2007–2011 in Australia, individuals with leukaemia had a 57% chance of surviving for 5 years compared to their counterparts in the general Australian population.

Between 1982–1986 and 2007–2011, 5-year relative survival from leukaemia improved from 37% to 57%.

5-year relative survival from leukaemia, 1982–86 to 2007–11

Leukaemia 5-year survival rate PNG

Source: AIHW analysis of the Australian Cancer Database (unpublished), (see source data).

Prevalence of kidney cancer

The prevalence for one, five and 28 years, given below are the number of people living with cancer at the end of 2009 in the preceding 1, 5 and 28 years respectively.

One year prevalence

At the end of 2009, there were 2,411 people living who had been diagnosed with leukaemia that year.

Five year prevalence

At the end of 2009, there were 9,139 people living who had been diagnosed with leukaemia in the previous 5 years (from 2005 to 2009).

28 year prevalence

At the end of 2009, there were 21,313 people living who had been diagnosed with leukaemia in the previous 28 years (from 1982 to 2009).


Source tables

Source table 1: Incidence of leukaemia by age group, 2015
Age group (years) Number of new cases
per 100,000 people
0–4 8.5
5–9 4.0
10–14 3.2
15–19 2.9
20–24 2.4
25–29 2.4
30–34 2.7
35–39 3.9
40-44 5.3
45-49 7.8
50-54 10.9
55–59 18.3
60-64 26.9
65–69 37.7
70-74 52.1
75–79 61.1
80–84 78.5
85+ 94.4
Source table 2: 5-year relative survival from leukaemia, 1982–86 to 2007–11
Year 5-year relative survival (%)
1982–86 37.1
1987–91 41.9
1992–96 43.2
1997–01 46.4
2002–06 53.0
2007–11 56.7

Data notes

International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Releated Health Problems Version 10 (ICD-10)

Cancer, like other health conditions, is classified by the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Releated Health Problems Version 10 (ICD-10). This is a statistical classification, published by the World Health Organization, in which each morbid condition is assigned a unique code according to established criteria.

Projections

Future projections for incidence and mortality are a mathematical extrapolation of past trends. They assume that the most recent trends will continue into the future, and are intended to illustrate future changes that might reasonably be expected to occur if the stated assumptions continue to apply over the projected period. Actual future cancer incidence and mortality rates may vary from these projections for a variety of factors. New screening programs may increase the detection of new cancer cases; new vaccination programs may decrease the risk of developing cancer; and improvements in treatment options may decrease mortality rates.

Incidence

Cancer incidence indicates the number of new cancers diagnosed during a specified time period (usually one year).

  1. The 2011 national incidence counts include estimates for NSW and the ACT because the real data were not available.
  2. The 2015 estimates are based on 2002–11 incidence data.

Mortality

Cancer mortality refers to the number of deaths occurring during a specified time period (usually one year) for which the underlying cause of death is cancer.

  1. The 2015 estimates are based on 2002–12 mortality data. Due to the rounding of these estimates, male and female mortality may not sum to person mortality.

Prevalence

Prevalence of cancer refers to the number of people alive with a prior diagnosis of cancer at a given time. It is distinct from incidence, which is the number of new cancers diagnosed within a given period of time.

Age standardised rates

  1. Incidence and mortality rates expressed per 100,000 population are age-standardised to the Australian population as at 30 June 2001.

References

  1. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2014. Cancer in Australia: an overview, 2014. Cancer series no. 78. Cat. no. CAN 75. Canberra: AIHW.
  2. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2014. Australia's health 2014. Australia's health series no. 14. Cat. no. AUS 178. Canberra: AIHW.
  3. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2012. Cancer survival and prevalence in Australia: period estimates from 1982 to 2010. Cancer Series no. 69. Cat. no. CAN 65. Canberra: AIHW.
  4. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2012. Cancer incidence projections: Australia, 2011 to 2020. Cancer Series no. 66. Cat. No. CAN 62. Canberra: AIHW.
  5. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2015. Australian Cancer Incidence and Mortality (ACIM) Books: All Cancers combined (ICD10 C00-C97, D45-46, D47.1, D47.3). www.aihw.gov.au/acim-books [Accessed January 2015].